Fig 1 Fig 2
ADULT: Wingspan - 55 - 69mm (male); 62 - 75mm (female).  The males upper surface is bright orange with variable black markings.  The hindwing has five post discal spots with the middle one the smallest, or occasionally absent.  The female is usually paler in colour but she usually has a nice dusting of green scales near to the body and on the hindwing.  Both sexes have orange undersides to the forewings with black spotting.  The hindwings are creamy brown and have various white markings.  The arc of rusty post discal spots with white centres are a key ID feature as in Fig 1. CHRYSALIS: 20mm.  Polished brown found suspended from a silken pad within thick vegetation or under a leaf. LARVA: 38mm.  Dark to reddish brown with white stripes and pinkish stripes.  It is found on young violet leaves. EGG: Pink to grey, conical and ridged.  Located on sweet or common dog violets.  Eggs overwinter. BEHAVIOUR: A powerful flyer that soars through woodland rides and across clearings with majestic ease.  It feeds on brambles and thistles and during adverse weather it roosts in treetops. HABITAT: Woodland clearings, rides and margins, rough grassland and lower hillsides. FLIGHT PERIOD: Late June - August.

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